Scots Dumpy - Chicken

Cuckoo Scots Dumpy cock

Scots Dumpy Details

Uses
Moderate egg layer, small table bird, docile pet
Origin
Scotland
Class
Large Fowl, Light, soft feather
Colour
Black, Blue, Cuckoo, White, Splash
Comb
upright, single
Eggs
White
Weight, cock
3.2 kg
Weight, hen
2.7 kg
Parentage
Unknown
Sitter?
Goes roody easily and makes a calm natured and reliable sitter.
Autosexable?
Yes, only
Breed Club

Scots Dumpy Club

Breed Ratings
Temperament
Hardiness
Egg Laying
Table Value
Flightiness
Brooding

Scots Dumpy Description

The Scots Dumpy has also been known in the past as Bakies, Crawlers, Creepers and Corlaighs. Historically birds with similar appearance to the Scots Dumpy have been noted as far back as AD900 and the Scots Dumpy itself has been seen in exhibitions since 1852 and is likely to have existed for several hundred years prior to this date. The breed almost became extinct in the mid 20th century with only a few isolated inbred flocks remaining. The recovery of the breed was helped from 1973 when hatching eggs were imported from a flock owned by Mrs Violet Carnegie an emigrant who had moved to Kenya. Although the Scots Dumpy is still a rare breed, it does have a breed club and keen followers. The breed will certainly remain an intriguing native breed for back garden and smallholding keepers of poultry, its short legs and reliable brooding ability being of most interest. They are an amusing sight when seen roaming over grass, particularly long grass and are not considered a flighty breed. However, due to their short nature they are not ideal for cold, wet or boggy ground. The current commonly seen colours, including black, cuckoo, white, blue and splash are a result of selection for the exhibition scene since 1852. It is likely the original Dumpys were a mixture of unimproved colours.

Creeper Gene
The short legs are caused by the Creeper gene. The shanks of short legged birds should be no more than 3.75 cm (1.5in) long. Despite their short legs, Scots Dumpy’s are not deterred from perching and will indeed still manage to perch one or two feet (30 – 60cm) from the ground. 
A Short leg x Short leg mating can produce the following:
50% Short legged
25% Long legged 
25% Dead in shell

A Long leg x Short leg mating will eliminate the lethal nature of the gene and produce the following results:
50% Short legged
50% Long legged   


Despite this, some people note that birds with extra long legs or intermediate length legs can be produced from matings. These features are likely to be the result of other modifying genes and are part of the unknown genetic nature of this breed.   
The long legged birds, in particular the cockerels can and should be used for breeding. The longer legs aid with mating and will eliminate the lethal effect of the gene. If cuckoo and black colours are crossed the resultant cockerels are cuckoo and pullets are black.


Description
Plumage colour:
By standard, ‘There is no fixed plumage colour’. For the exhibitor this allows the creation and showing of a vast array of varieties, if they have the enthusiasm to create them. This point within the standard was most likely laid down to allow for the continuation or redevelopment of the original Silver hackled black and gold hackled black varieties among perhaps any others that may have existed in the mid 19th century or indeed since the regeneration of the Dumpy in the 1970’s. Black and Cuckoo are the most common colour varieties, blue and splash are the result of a black x white mating and are the keen interest of exhibitors. White is the least common of the original colours.

The comb should be single, medium sized and straight. The carriage should be ‘Heavy, with a waddling Gait’, some people even going as far as saying the bird should be boat shaped. Eyes and earlobes are red.                                                                                                                     
Beak and Leg colour varies:
Black birds should have black or slate coloured beak, legs and feet.
Cuckoo birds should have white beak, legs and feet with black/grey mottling.
All other colours have white beak, legs and feet.


Bantam
The bantam version was most likely created using the smallest birds of the large-fowl or the use of chicks from small pullet eggs with the introduction of the bantam Scots Grey.

 


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