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Cleveland Bay - Horse
Cleveland Bay Details
UsesTraditionally a pack horse
OriginCleveland, North East England
ParentageChapman and barb followed by Thoroughbreds
Cleveland Bay Horse Society
Cleveland Bay Description
The Cleveland Bay is Britain’s oldest horse breed and was locally known as the Chapman Horse. The Chapman was a pack horse used for transporting items for trade between Abbeys and Monasteries of Northern England. The Chapmen name being derived from the merchants also known as ‘Chapmen’ that travelled with the horses laden with goods. The Chapman horse was widely used in the Northern counties of England, including Lincolnshire, Yorkshire, Durham and Northumberland. Late in the 17th century Chapman horses were bred with imported barb horses for further use as pack horses.
Increased use of coaches and carriages on the roads during the early 18th century created demand for faster and more enduring horses. At that time the Chapman and barb cross (Cleveland Bay) was crossed with some ‘30 Thoroughbreds’ to create the Yorkshire Coach Horse.
The colour is bay with black legs, mane and tail. The Cleveland maintains a ‘combination of activity and strength’ which made the breed useful for agricultural and military purposes and for crossing mares with stallions of other breeds for further improvement.
Action: Level, free and long striding.